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GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES


Geographic features

 

The Kingdom of Spain occupies an area of 504,782 square kilometers in the southwest of Europe, and is the second largest country in the EU. The territory of Spain covers most of the Iberian Peninsula, which it shares with Portugal, and also includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean, the North African cities of Ceuta and Melilla and some surrounding rocky islands.

 

Despite the differences among the various regions of Spain, the country can be said to have a typical Mediterranean climate. The weather in the northern coastal region (looking onto the Atlantic and the Bay of Biscay) is mild and generally rainy throughout the year, with temperatures neither very low in the winter nor very high in the summer. The climate on the Mediterranean coastline, including the Balearic Islands, Ceuta and Melilla, is mild in the winter and hot and dry in the summer. The most extreme differences occur in the interior of the Peninsula, where the climate is rather dry, with cold winters and hot summers. The Canary Islands have a climate of their own, with temperatures constantly around 20 Celsius degrees and only minor variations in temperature between seasons or between day and night.

 

Spain has an excellent quality of life and is very open to foreigners. More than 10,000 kilometers of coastline, abundant sporting facilities and events and social opportunities are crowned by the diversity of the country’s cultural heritage as a crossroads of civilizations (Celts, Romans, Visigoths, Arabs, Jews, etc.).

 


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